What is a Food Forest?
A Food Forest is an edible ecosystem designed primarily for food production, but can also provide for other human needs for fiber, fodder, fuel, materials, and more!
Imagine wandering through a wild forest garden where almost every plant is edible and all plants serve a purpose…
A mature Food Forest is comprised of taller canopy trees, usually nuts and fruits, with a sub-canopy of berries and shrubs, followed by herbs and veggies below.
In the Pacific Northwest, a Food Forest consists of 7 Layers. We can count 9 layers when including marshes and mushrooms!
Why a Food Forest?
Food Forests are living proof that industrial agriculture is not the only way to feed the world. In fact, we now recognize conventional agricultural practices to be a major contributor towards climate change, environmental destruction and desertification.
Monoculture methods of single-species crops results in the removal of entire ecosystems. This destroys top soil with yearly deep tilling, and pollutes our waters and earth with synthetic petrochemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides. The results are fragile, unhealthy, unnatural landscapes that depend upon a staggering amount of inputs in order to operate.
On the other end of the spectrum lies a Food Forest, as an example of a regenerative, resilient and time-tested method of growing food and cultivating humanity.
A food forest functions as a healthy closed-loop ecosystem, with each organism playing a role. Each element of the system supports the whole. The many relationships happening in an ecosystem are imitated in a food forest.
Food Forest Functions
-build soil and regenerate the landscape
-self-fertilize with nitrogen fixing species and green manure chop n drops
-Provide habitat for endangered insects and pollinators
Located in Portland, Oregon, near Milwaukie, Sherrett Food Forest is an early stage food forest growing on a .68 acre urban lot. The food forest was established November 2016 and is comprised of a canopy of fruit and nut trees, a sub-canopy of berry bushes, and herbaceous layer of culinary and medicinal herbs, annual and perennial vegetables, and edible flowers.
Sherrett Food Forest is a labor of love dedicated to the memory of Toby Hemenway, our teacher and author of Gaia's Garden, the book which first lit the spark in our hearts for food forestry and regenerative city-scale agroforestry.